عملية قلب مفتوح. جراحة القلب

, Health line, Retrieved 2016-9-16 , National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16
, National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16 , National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16

Note the use of a steel to forcefully maintain the exposure of the heart.

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عملية قلب مفتوح والمشفى يحترق! (فيديو)
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عملية قلب مفتوح والمشفى يحترق! (فيديو)
ما هي عملية القلب المفتوح
, National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-14
There is evidence that quitting at least four weeks before surgery may reduce the risk of postoperative complications , National, heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16
Please report examples to be edited or not to be displayed Additionally, investigators have found that simple measures such as preventing chest tubes from clogging—which can result in retained blood syndrome, postoperative atrial fibrillation, and infection—can reduce costs and complications in patients recovering from heart surgery

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عملية قلب مفتوح
, National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16
عملية قلب مفتوح والمشفى يحترق! (فيديو)
, National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16
عملية ثقب القلب عند الرضع والأطفال
, National heart, lung, and blood institute, Retrieved 2016-9-16